Advanced RAID Layouts

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(Available on Restorer Ultimate PRO and Restorer Ultimate PRO Network only)

Using Restorer Ultimate, you can create and process quite advanced RAID layouts.

Advanced RAID 5

For example, let us create a RAID5 with the following configuration:

3 disks,
Block size: 64 KB
Offset: 32768 Sec
Stripe order:

PD

1

2

PD

3

4

PD

5

6

7

PD

8

9

PD

10

11

PD

12

13

14

PD

15

16

PD

17

18

PD

where PD is parity of data.

The RAID components are the images RAID5CDisk1.bin, RAID5CDisk2.bin, and RAID5CDisk3.bin on the Device/Disk list.

To create such RAID 5 object,

1Click Create Virtual RAID on the Task List
>A Create Virtual RAID wizard will appear to guide you through the process of creating a RAID or Virtual volume set.
2Select Virtual Block RAID Volume on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box then click the Next button
Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
3Select the required drives from the Available disks list to the Selected disks list

Specify the required Offset parameters of the disks.

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box

Click to expand/collapseRAID options

Available disks

List of disks available for creating virtual disk arrays

Show Partitions

If this check box is selected, Restorer Ultimate also shows partitions on hard drives

Show as:

Select the units in which you want to see object sizes. You may select, Bytes, Sectors, and Bytes and Sectors.

Selected disks

List of disks selected for creating virtual disk arrays

Buttons

Add

Click this button to add the selected disk from the Available disks list to the Selected disks list

Remove

Click this button to remove the selected disk from the Selected disks list

Remove All

Click this button to remove all selected disks from the Selected disks list

Move Up

Click this button to move the selected disk one level up in the Selected disks list

Move Down

Click this button to move the selected disk one level down in the Selected disks list

Add Missing Disk

Click this button to add a virtual disk into virtual disk array that will be created

Note: Components should be placed in the same order and the offsets should be specified as they were in the original volume set. If this order is incorrect, you must change it by using the Move Up and Move Down buttons.

If a component from the objects is absent (due to hardware failure, for example), you can add a "missing disk" to re-construct the RAID. The missing disk should be placed in the same order as in the original RAID structure.

Turning Disks On-Line and Off-Line on-the-fly

You may turn the objects in the virtual RAID or volume set on-line and off-line by selecting/clearing the On checkbox on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box. It may be useful, for example, if you need to see which disk is non-actual in a RAID5 or 6.

Actually, when you turn an object off-line, Restorer Ultimate substitutes it with a Missing Disk or Empty Space object.

Note: Restorer Ultimate does not write anything real on the disk. A missing disk is a virtual object that does not affect actual data on the drive.

4Specify the Block size  parameters and enter 9 to the Row count on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box

Select Custom for the RAID type, and do not pay attention to Block order.

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
5Enter the stripe order in the table on the Parents tab

Using the keyboard: arrow keys to navigate, digit and p keys to enter the stripe order.

Using the mouse: right-click the cell and select the number or parity from the shortcut menu. If the stripe table is too large, you better use the keyboard to enter the digits.

Select the necessary sequences on the Sequence pane when entering Parity of Data.

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box

Corrections: Restorer Ultimate will show if some digits are not correct by coloring their cells in red. Navigate to the required cell and enter the correct value. Use the Delete key to clear a cell.

Clear the table: Right-click the table and select Clear all on the shortcut menu.

6When you finishes entering the information, click the Finish button on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box
Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
>The created RAID5 object can now be processed like regular drives/volumes

If Restorer Ultimate detects a valid file system on this RAID object, a partition object will appear on the Device/Disk list.

Note: You may check how correctly you have reconstructed the original volume set or RAID. Find a file and preview it. If the file appears correct, you have created a correct RAID layout. The file should be large enough. For example, it should have size equal or larger to Block size*(Number of disks-Number of parity disks) for RAID 5 or 6.

The Description Files for RAID Configurations topic shows the RAID description file for this RAID configuration.

Advanced RAID 5

Another example is a RAID with the following layout, similar to that used in Mac Pro internal RAID cards with 4 hard drives.

Four disks,
Block size: 512 KB (1024 sectors)
Offset: 32768 sectors (64 KB)
Block order:

A

B

C

D

A

B

C

D

A

B

C

D

PD

1

2

PD

3

4

PD

5

6

PD

7

8

As you see, this layout cannot be fit directly into a standard 2D block order table. Still, it's possible to create such RAID layout using the RAID Sequence window.

The RAID components are the images RAID_MAC_ProDisk1.bin, RAID_MAC_ProDisk2.bin, RAID_MAC_ProDisk3.bin, and RAID_MAC_ProDisk4.bin on the Device/Disk list.

To create such RAID 5 object,

1Click Create Virtual RAID on the Task List
>A Create Virtual RAID wizard will appear to guide you through the process of creating a RAID or Virtual volume set.
2Select Virtual Block RAID Volume on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box then click the Next button
Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
3Select the required drives from the Available disks list to the Selected disks list

Specify the required Offset parameters of the disks.

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box

Click to expand/collapseRAID options

Available disks

List of disks available for creating virtual disk arrays

Show Partitions

If this check box is selected, Restorer Ultimate also shows partitions on hard drives

Show as:

Select the units in which you want to see object sizes. You may select, Bytes, Sectors, and Bytes and Sectors.

Selected disks

List of disks selected for creating virtual disk arrays

Buttons

Add

Click this button to add the selected disk from the Available disks list to the Selected disks list

Remove

Click this button to remove the selected disk from the Selected disks list

Remove All

Click this button to remove all selected disks from the Selected disks list

Move Up

Click this button to move the selected disk one level up in the Selected disks list

Move Down

Click this button to move the selected disk one level down in the Selected disks list

Add Missing Disk

Click this button to add a virtual disk into virtual disk array that will be created

Note: Components should be placed in the same order and the offsets should be specified as they were in the original volume set. If this order is incorrect, you must change it by using the Move Up and Move Down buttons.

If a component from the objects is absent (due to hardware failure, for example), you can add a "missing disk" to re-construct the RAID. The missing disk should be placed in the same order as in the original RAID structure.

Turning Disks On-Line and Off-Line on-the-fly

You may turn the objects in the virtual RAID or volume set on-line and off-line by selecting/clearing the On checkbox on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box. It may be useful, for example, if you need to see which disk is non-actual in a RAID5 or 6.

Actually, when you turn an object off-line, Restorer Ultimate substitutes it with a Missing Disk or Empty Space object.

Note: Restorer Ultimate does not write anything real on the disk. A missing disk is a virtual object that does not affect actual data on the drive.

4Specify the Block size, change Block order to Custom, and enter 3 to the Row count on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box

Disregard the Block order field.

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
5Right-click the RAID Sequence pane and select Remove All.
6Right-click Cell 1 in the block order table and select Create New Sequence.
7Right-click Cell 2 in the block order table and select Add to Sequence, do that for Cell 3, too.
8Right-click Cell 4 in the block order table and select Create New Sequence.
9Right-click Cell 5 in the block order table and select Add to Sequence, do that for Cell 6, too.

Continue those steps for the rest of the table until the RAID Sequence window will have 4 sequences of 3 disks:

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
10Select the first line in the RAID Sequence window, right-click Cell 1 in the block order table, and select Parity of Data.

If any unnecessary sequences appear, right-click them in the RAID Sequence window, and select Remove.

11Right-click Cell 2 in the block order table and select 1, do that for Cell 3 selecting 2.

If any unnecessary sequences appear, right-click them in the RAID Sequence window, and select Remove.

12Move to the next sequence in the RAID Sequence window and repeat the procedure for cells 4, 5, and 6.

Do that for the rest of the sequences until you fill all cells in the block order table.

13When you finishes entering the information, click the Finish button on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box
Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
>The created RAID5 object can now be processed like regular drives/volumes

If Restorer Ultimate detects a valid file system on this RAID object, a partition object will appear on the Device/Disk list.

Note: You may check how correctly you have reconstructed the original volume set or RAID. Find a file and preview it. If the file appears correct, you have created a correct RAID layout. The file should be large enough. For example, it should have size equal or larger to Block size*(Number of disks-Number of parity disks) for RAID 5 or 6.

The Description Files for RAID Configurations topic shows the RAID description file for this RAID configuration.

Advanced RAID 6 Layout

For example, let us create a RAID 6 with the following layout:

Five disks,
Block size: 64 KB
Offset: 0
Block order:

 

A

B

C

D

E

1

RS

1

2

3

PD

2

4

5

6

PD

RS

3

8

9

PD

RS

7

4

12

PD

RS

10

11

5

PD

RS

13

14

15

6

PA

PA

PA

PA

PA

where

PD is parity of data;

PA is parity of all;

RS is Reed-Solomon;

Rows from 1 to 5 use two types of error correction: parity of data (xor) and Reed-Solomon. That is, row 1 uses blocks A1 and E1, row 2 uses blocks D2 and E2, and so on.

Row 6 is used for error correction for columns. That is, column A uses block A6, column B uses B6, and so on. Parity of all is used for error correction.

The RAID components are the images img1.bin, img2.bin, img3.bin, img4.bin, and img5.bin on the Device/Disk list.

To create such RAID 6 object

1Click Create Virtual RAID on the Task List
>A Create Virtual RAID wizard will appear to guide you through the process of creating a RAID or Virtual volume set.
2Select Virtual Block RAID Volume from the Create Virtual RAID dialog box then click the Next button
Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
3Select the required drives from the Available disks list to the Selected disks list
Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box

Click to expand/collapseRAID options

Available disks

List of disks available for creating virtual disk arrays

Show Partitions

If this check box is selected, Restorer Ultimate also shows partitions on hard drives

Show as:

Select the units in which you want to see object sizes. You may select, Bytes, Sectors, and Bytes and Sectors.

Selected disks

List of disks selected for creating virtual disk arrays

Buttons

Add

Click this button to add the selected disk from the Available disks list to the Selected disks list

Remove

Click this button to remove the selected disk from the Selected disks list

Remove All

Click this button to remove all selected disks from the Selected disks list

Move Up

Click this button to move the selected disk one level up in the Selected disks list

Move Down

Click this button to move the selected disk one level down in the Selected disks list

Add Missing Disk

Click this button to add a virtual disk into virtual disk array that will be created

Note: Components should be placed in the same order and the offsets should be specified as they were in the original volume set. If this order is incorrect, you must change it by using the Move Up and Move Down buttons.

If a component from the objects is absent (due to hardware failure, for example), you can add a "missing disk" to re-construct the RAID. The missing disk should be placed in the same order as in the original RAID structure.

Turning Disks On-Line and Off-Line on-the-fly

You may turn the objects in the virtual RAID or volume set on-line and off-line by selecting/clearing the On checkbox on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box. It may be useful, for example, if you need to see which disk is non-actual in a RAID5 or 6.

Actually, when you turn an object off-line, Restorer Ultimate substitutes it with a Missing Disk or Empty Space object.

Note: Restorer Ultimate does not write anything real on the disk. A missing disk is a virtual object that does not affect actual data on the drive.

4Specify  the Block size and Offset parameters, and enter 6 to the Row count on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box
5Manually set Custom for RAID type and enter 6 to Number of rows

Disregard the Block order parameter.

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
6Enter the block order in the table on the Parents tab

You may enter either a block number, or an error correction block of the following types:

PD

Parity of data

PA

Parity of all

RS

Reed-Solomon

U

Unknown

I

Ignore

Select the necessary sequences on the Sequence pane when entering Parity of Data

Using the keyboard: arrow keys to navigate, digit, and rs, pd, pa, u, i keys to enter the block order.

Using the mouse: right-click the cell and select the number or parity from the shortcut menu. If the block table is too large, you better use the keyboard to enter the digits.

Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box

For the rows:

Select the required row sequence on the RAID Sequences pane, select the cell on the RAID table, and enter the required value.

For the columns and arbitrary sequences:

You need to create those sequences and add the respective blocks to it manually.

To create a sequence: Click Add empty on the RAID Sequences pane or select Create New Sequence on the shortcut menu on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box.

To add a block to a sequence: Right-click the respective cell and select Add To Sequence on the shortcut menu on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box..

To remove a block from a sequence: Right-click the respective cell and select Remove From Sequence on the shortcut menu on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box..

Corrections:

Restorer Ultimate will show if some digits are not correct by coloring their cells in red. Navigate to the required cell and enter the correct value. Use the Delete key to clear a cell.

Clear the table: Right-click the table and select Clear all on the shortcut menu.

6When you finishes entering the information, click the Finish button on the Create Virtual RAID dialog box
Click to enlarge
Create Virtual RAID dialog box
>The created RAID5 object can now be processed like regular drives/volumes

If Restorer Ultimate detects a valid file system on this RAID object, a partition object will appear on the Device/Disk list.

Note: You may check how correctly you have reconstructed the original volume set or RAID. Find a file and preview it. If the file appears correct, you have created a correct RAID layout. The file should be large enough. For example, it should have size equal or larger to Block size*(Number of disks-Number of parity disks) for RAID 5 or 6.

The Description Files for RAID Configurations topic shows the RAID description file for this RAID configuration.